Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common female endocrine disorders. PCOS is a complex, heterogeneous disorder of uncertain etiology, but there is strong evidence that it can, to a large degree, be classified as a genetic disease.
PCOS produces symptoms in approximately 5% to 10% of women of reproductive age (12–45 years old). It is thought to be one of the leading causes of female subfertility and the most frequent endocrine problem in women of reproductive age.
The principal features are (1) anovulation, resulting in irregular menstruation, amenorrhea, ovulation-related infertility; (2) excessive amounts or effects of androgenic (masculinizing) hormones, resulting in acne and hirsutism; and (3) insulin resistance, often associated with obesity, Type 2 diabetes, and high cholesterol levels. Finding that the ovaries appear polycystic on ultrasound is common, but not an absolute requirement in all definitions of the disorder. The symptoms and severity of the syndrome vary greatly among affected women. Source: Wikipedia
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