Oesophagitis is an inflammation of the oesophagus or food pipe. It may be acute or chronic. Acute esophagitis can be catarrhal or phlegmonous, whereas chronic esophagitis may be hypertrophic or atrophic.

Because the lining of the esophagus is sensitive, many things can cause swelling and irritation, these are some possible causes of irritation and inflammation:
Stomach acid in the food pipe. If you have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), stomach acid that leaks backward into your esophagus on a regular basis may cause esophagitis.
Chronic vomiting
Medications such as aspirin or other anti-inflammatory drugs
Medical procedures, such radiation therapy.
Infections that weaken your immune system
Oesophagitis can have serious consequences that affect your quality of life. If left untreated, esophagitis may develop into a condition called Barrett’s esophagus. This may increase your risk for esophageal cancer. Source: Wikipedia

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