Condition

Fibromyalgia

Description

Fibromyalgia is characterised by chronic widespread pain and allodynia (a heightened and painful response to pressure).  Its exact cause is unknown but is believed to involve psychological, genetic, neurobiological and environmental factors.  Fibromyalgia symptoms are not restricted to pain, leading to the use of the alternative term fibromyalgia syndrome for the condition. Other symptoms include debilitating fatigue, sleep disturbance, and joint stiffness. Some patients also report difficulty with swallowing, bowel and bladder abnormalities, numbness and tingling, and cognitive dysfunction.  Fibromyalgia is frequently comorbid with psychiatric conditions such as depression and anxiety and stress-related disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder.  Not all fibromyalgia patients experience all associated symptoms.  

 
There is evidence that environmental factors and certain genes increase the risk of developing fibromyalgia - these same genes are also associated with other functional somatic syndromes and major depressive disorder.  The central symptom of fibromyalgia, namely widespread pain appears to result from neuro-chemical imbalances including activation of inflammatory pathways in the brain which results in abnormalities in pain processing.  The brains of fibromyalgia patients show functional and structural differences from those of healthy individuals, but it is unclear whether the brain anomalies cause fibromyalgia symptoms or are the product of an unknown underlying common cause. Some research suggests that these brain anomalies may be the result of childhood stress, or prolonged or severe stress.  Exercise improves fitness and sleep and may reduce pain and fatigue in some people with fibromyalgia. Source: Wikipedia

Other names

FM, FMS

  • Specialities
  • Procedures
  • Medical teams
  • Medical centres
  • Professionals

Medical centres

Clinics

IMATDE Avenida Pintor Sorolla 25 Málaga
Sohail Physiotherapy Clinic Av Santa Amalia, 24 Fuengirola

Hospitals

Vithas Xanit International Hospital Avenida de los Argonautas, s/n Benalmádena

Professionals

Physiotherapy & Rehabilitation
Physiotherapy & Rehabilitation
Physiotherapy & Rehabilitation
Physiotherapy & Rehabilitation