The epiphysis is the rounded end of a long bone, at its joint with adjacent bone(s). Between the epiphysis and diaphysis (the long midsection of the long bone) lies the metaphysis, including the epiphyseal plate (growth plate). At the joint, the epiphysis is covered with articular cartilage; below that covering is a zone similar to the epiphyseal plate, known as subchondral bone. Epiphysiolysis happens when there is a gap between the long bone and adjacent bone(s).
The epiphysis is filled with red bone marrow, which produces erythrocytes (red blood cells).
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