Condition

Asthma

Description

Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction, and bronchospasm.  Common symptoms include wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath.

Asthma is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.  Its diagnosis is usually based on the pattern of symptoms, response to therapy over time, and spirometry.  It is clinically classified according to the frequency of symptoms, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), and peak expiratory flow rate.  Asthma may also be classified as atopic (extrinsic) or non-atopic (intrinsic) where atopy refers to a predisposition toward developing type 1 hypersensitivity reactions.
Treatment of acute symptoms is usually with an inhaled short-acting beta-2 agonist (such as salbutamol) and oral corticosteroids.  In very severe cases intravenous corticosteroids, magnesium sulfate and hospitalization maybe required.  
Symptoms can be prevented by avoiding triggers, such as allergens and irritants, and by the use of inhaled corticosteroids. Long-acting beta agonists (LABA) or leukotriene antagonists may be used in addition to inhaled corticosteroids if asthma symptoms remain uncontrolled.Source: Wikipedia

Other names

Allergy, Extrinsic Asthma, Intrinsic Asthma, Occupational Asthma, Respiratory Allergies

  • Specialities
  • Procedures
  • Medical teams
  • Medical centres
  • Professionals

Medical centres

Hospitals

Vithas Xanit International Hospital Avenida de los Argonautas, s/n Benalmádena
Vithas Parque San Antonio Hospital Avda del Pintor Joaquín Sorolla, 2 Málaga
Hospital El Angel Calle Corregidor Nicolás Isidro 16 Málaga

Other Centres

Neumomálaga Calle José Denis Belgrano 19, 2º Málaga