Condition

Anorectal Abscess and Anal Fistula

Description

Anorectal abscess  is an abscess adjacent to the anus.  It arises from an infection at one of the anal sinuses which leads to inflammation and abscess formation. Most cases of perianal abscesses are sporadic, though there are certain situations which elevate the risk for developing the disease, such as diabetes mellitus, Crohn's disease, chronic steroid treatment and others. 

Anal fistula, or fistula-in-ano, is an abnormal connection between the epithelialised surface of the anal canal and (usually) the perianal skin.  Anal fistulae originate from the anal glands, which are located between the two layers of the anal sphincters and which drain into the anal canal. If the outlet of these glands becomes blocked, an abscess can form which can eventually point to the skin surface. The tract formed by this process is the fistula.
 
Abscesses can recur if the fistula seals over, allowing the accumulation of pus. It then points to the surface again, and the process repeats.
Anal fistulas per se do not generally harm, but can be very painful, and can be irritating because of the pus-drain (it is also possible for formed stools to be passed through the fistula); additionally, recurrent abscesses may lead to significant short term morbidity from pain, and create a nidus for systemic spread of infection.
Surgery is considered essential in the decompression of acute abscesses; repair of the fistula itself is considered an elective procedure which many patients elect to undertake due to the discomfort and inconvenience associated with a draining tract.Source: Wikipedia

Other names

anal/rectal abscess, perianal/perirectal abscess

  • Specialities
  • Procedures
  • Medical teams
  • Medical centres
  • Professionals

Specialities

Medical centres

Hospitals

Vithas Xanit International Hospital Avenida de los Argonautas, s/n Benalmádena
Vithas Parque San Antonio Hospital Avda del Pintor Joaquín Sorolla, 2 Málaga
Hospital El Angel Calle Corregidor Nicolás Isidro 16 Málaga

Professionals

General Surgery,Digestive System