Condition

Allergic Rhinitis

Description

Allergic rhinitis is an allergic inflammation of the nasal airways. It occurs when an allergen, such as pollen, dust or animal dander (particles of shed skin and hair) is inhaled by an individual with a sensitized immune system. In such individuals, the allergen triggers the production of the antibody immunoglobulin E (IgE), which binds to mast cells and basophils containing histamine. When caused by pollens of any plants, it is called pollinosis, and if specifically caused by grass pollens, it is known as hay fever. While symptoms resembling a cold or flu can be produced by an allergic reaction to pollen from plants and grasses, including hose used to make hay, it does not cause a fever.

IgE bound to mast cells are stimulated by allergens, causing the release of inflammatory mediators such as histamine (and other chemicals).  This usually causes sneezing, itchy and watery eyes, swelling and inflammation of the nasal passages, and an increase in mucus production. Symptoms vary in severity between individuals. Very sensitive individuals can experience hives or other rashes. Particulate matter in polluted air, and chemicals such as chlorine and detergents, which can normally be tolerated, can greatly aggravate allergic rhinitis.Source: Wikipedia

Other names

Allergic Rhinoconjunctivitis, Hay Fever, Pollinosis

  • Specialities
  • Procedures
  • Medical teams
  • Medical centres
  • Professionals

Specialities

Medical centres

Hospitals

Vithas Xanit International Hospital Avenida de los Argonautas, s/n Benalmádena
Vithas Parque San Antonio Hospital Avda del Pintor Joaquín Sorolla, 2 Málaga
Hospital El Angel Calle Corregidor Nicolás Isidro 16 Málaga

Professionals

Allergology & Immunology
Allergology & Immunology